Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts, in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings; however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

A) fasts, in their ability to survive
B) fasts, having their ability to survive
C) fasts, due to having the ability of surviving
D) fasts because they are able to survive
E) fasts because of having the ability of surviving

OA: D (bôi đen để thấy đáp án)


Nghĩa:

  • Turtles, like other reptiles, can endure long fasts,
    • in their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings;

(thể hiện cause-effect: their ability to survive on weekly or even monthly feedings -> can endure long fasts  )

  • however, when food is readily available, they may eat frequently and grow very fat.

POE:

A) Loại vì:

  • Preposition + V-ing modifiers là adverb, nên sẽ bổ nghĩa cho action (động từ): ko đúng intended meaning

B) Loại vì:

  • Comma V-ing modifiers mang ý nghĩa là kết quả của clause trước hay thể hiện một sự kiện diễn ra cùng lúc với clause trước: ko đúng intended meaning

C) Loại vì:

  • Sai cách dùng Due to

E) Loại vì:

  • “because of having the ability of surviving”: wordy than OA

DUE TO

  • Should be followed by a noun
  • Should DESCRIBE a noun (NOT entire clause/ sentences/ ideas)

Ex:

  • Unemployment due to offspring is rising in factory towns. (RIGHT, here, “due to …” describe “unemployment”
  • James was late due to the traffic. (WRONG, here, “due to …” describe an entire clause “James was late”)

COMMA PREPOSITION + V-ING MODIFIERS

  • là adverb, nên sẽ bổ nghĩa cho action (động từ) trước đó
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